```
TALK=T;RUN(1,1)
PHOTON USE
p
parphi

up z
msg Oil concentration (LOG10(oil)
con logo x 1 fil;0.01
mirror y
msg Press  to continue
pause
cl
msg Velocity vectors
vec x 1 sh
msg Press  to continue
pause
cl
msg Effective viscosity
con enut x 1 fil;0.01
pause
msg non-dimensional velocity
cl
con wdim x 1 fil;0.01
msg Press e to END
ENDUSE
DISPLAY
This case simulates an oil tanker rupture. The calculation is st\$
with a uniform oil release rate which can be varied by changing
the parameter, "rate". The parabolic mode with expanding
grid is employed for both economy and accuracy. The calculation
includes a residence-time equation.
In-Form is used to set the buoyance force and to calculate the
non-dimensional velocity and oil concentration.

The result shows that the flow is a kind of turbulent plume.
ENDDIS
************************************************************
Group 1. Run Title and Number
************************************************************
************************************************************

TEXT(Oil tanker rupture - Turbulent plume    )

************************************************************
************************************************************

IRUNN = 1 ;LIBREF = 402
************************************************************
Group 2. Time dependence
************************************************************
Group 3. X-Direction Grid Spacing
CARTES = F
NX = 1
XULAST =0.1
XFRAC(1)=1.
************************************************************
Group 4. Y-Direction Grid Spacing
NY = 40
YVLAST =0.1
AZYV =1. ;AZRI =0.
AZAL =0.
Method of pairs used for grid setting.
YFRAC(1)=-40. ;YFRAC(2)=0.025
************************************************************
Group 5. Z-Direction Grid Spacing
PARAB = T
NZ = 200
ZWLAST =3500.
ZFRAC(1)=5.0E-03 ;ZFRAC(2)=1.0E-02
ZFRAC(3)=0.015 ;ZFRAC(4)=0.02
ZFRAC(5)=0.025 ;ZFRAC(6)=0.03
ZFRAC(7)=0.035 ;ZFRAC(8)=0.04
ZFRAC(9)=0.045 ;ZFRAC(10)=0.05
ZFRAC(11)=0.055 ;ZFRAC(12)=0.06
ZFRAC(13)=0.065 ;ZFRAC(14)=0.07
ZFRAC(15)=0.075 ;ZFRAC(16)=0.08
ZFRAC(17)=0.085 ;ZFRAC(18)=0.09
ZFRAC(19)=0.095 ;ZFRAC(20)=0.1
ZFRAC(21)=0.105 ;ZFRAC(22)=0.11
ZFRAC(23)=0.115 ;ZFRAC(24)=0.12
ZFRAC(25)=0.125 ;ZFRAC(26)=0.13
ZFRAC(27)=0.135 ;ZFRAC(28)=0.14
ZFRAC(29)=0.145 ;ZFRAC(30)=0.15
ZFRAC(31)=0.155 ;ZFRAC(32)=0.16
ZFRAC(33)=0.165 ;ZFRAC(34)=0.17
ZFRAC(35)=0.175 ;ZFRAC(36)=0.18
ZFRAC(37)=0.185 ;ZFRAC(38)=0.19
ZFRAC(39)=0.195 ;ZFRAC(40)=0.2
ZFRAC(41)=0.205 ;ZFRAC(42)=0.21
ZFRAC(43)=0.215 ;ZFRAC(44)=0.22
ZFRAC(45)=0.225 ;ZFRAC(46)=0.23
ZFRAC(47)=0.235 ;ZFRAC(48)=0.24
ZFRAC(49)=0.245 ;ZFRAC(50)=0.25
ZFRAC(51)=0.255 ;ZFRAC(52)=0.26
ZFRAC(53)=0.265 ;ZFRAC(54)=0.27
ZFRAC(55)=0.275 ;ZFRAC(56)=0.28
ZFRAC(57)=0.285 ;ZFRAC(58)=0.29
ZFRAC(59)=0.295 ;ZFRAC(60)=0.3
ZFRAC(61)=0.305 ;ZFRAC(62)=0.31
ZFRAC(63)=0.315 ;ZFRAC(64)=0.32
ZFRAC(65)=0.325 ;ZFRAC(66)=0.33
ZFRAC(67)=0.335 ;ZFRAC(68)=0.34
ZFRAC(69)=0.345 ;ZFRAC(70)=0.35
ZFRAC(71)=0.355 ;ZFRAC(72)=0.36
ZFRAC(73)=0.365 ;ZFRAC(74)=0.37
ZFRAC(75)=0.375 ;ZFRAC(76)=0.38
ZFRAC(77)=0.385 ;ZFRAC(78)=0.39
ZFRAC(79)=0.395 ;ZFRAC(80)=0.4
ZFRAC(81)=0.405 ;ZFRAC(82)=0.41
ZFRAC(83)=0.415 ;ZFRAC(84)=0.42
ZFRAC(85)=0.425 ;ZFRAC(86)=0.43
ZFRAC(87)=0.435 ;ZFRAC(88)=0.44
ZFRAC(89)=0.445 ;ZFRAC(90)=0.45
ZFRAC(91)=0.455 ;ZFRAC(92)=0.46
ZFRAC(93)=0.465 ;ZFRAC(94)=0.47
ZFRAC(95)=0.475 ;ZFRAC(96)=0.48
ZFRAC(97)=0.485 ;ZFRAC(98)=0.49
ZFRAC(99)=0.495 ;ZFRAC(100)=0.5
ZFRAC(101)=0.505 ;ZFRAC(102)=0.51
ZFRAC(103)=0.515 ;ZFRAC(104)=0.52
ZFRAC(105)=0.525 ;ZFRAC(106)=0.53
ZFRAC(107)=0.535 ;ZFRAC(108)=0.54
ZFRAC(109)=0.545 ;ZFRAC(110)=0.55
ZFRAC(111)=0.555 ;ZFRAC(112)=0.56
ZFRAC(113)=0.565 ;ZFRAC(114)=0.57
ZFRAC(115)=0.575 ;ZFRAC(116)=0.58
ZFRAC(117)=0.585 ;ZFRAC(118)=0.59
ZFRAC(119)=0.595 ;ZFRAC(120)=0.6
ZFRAC(121)=0.605 ;ZFRAC(122)=0.61
ZFRAC(123)=0.615 ;ZFRAC(124)=0.62
ZFRAC(125)=0.625 ;ZFRAC(126)=0.63
ZFRAC(127)=0.635 ;ZFRAC(128)=0.64
ZFRAC(129)=0.645 ;ZFRAC(130)=0.65
ZFRAC(131)=0.655 ;ZFRAC(132)=0.66
ZFRAC(133)=0.665 ;ZFRAC(134)=0.67
ZFRAC(135)=0.675 ;ZFRAC(136)=0.68
ZFRAC(137)=0.685 ;ZFRAC(138)=0.69
ZFRAC(139)=0.695 ;ZFRAC(140)=0.7
ZFRAC(141)=0.705 ;ZFRAC(142)=0.71
ZFRAC(143)=0.715 ;ZFRAC(144)=0.72
ZFRAC(145)=0.725 ;ZFRAC(146)=0.73
ZFRAC(147)=0.735 ;ZFRAC(148)=0.74
ZFRAC(149)=0.745 ;ZFRAC(150)=0.75
ZFRAC(151)=0.755 ;ZFRAC(152)=0.76
ZFRAC(153)=0.765 ;ZFRAC(154)=0.77
ZFRAC(155)=0.775 ;ZFRAC(156)=0.78
ZFRAC(157)=0.785 ;ZFRAC(158)=0.79
ZFRAC(159)=0.795 ;ZFRAC(160)=0.8
ZFRAC(161)=0.805 ;ZFRAC(162)=0.81
ZFRAC(163)=0.815 ;ZFRAC(164)=0.82
ZFRAC(165)=0.825 ;ZFRAC(166)=0.83
ZFRAC(167)=0.835 ;ZFRAC(168)=0.84
ZFRAC(169)=0.845 ;ZFRAC(170)=0.85
ZFRAC(171)=0.855 ;ZFRAC(172)=0.86
ZFRAC(173)=0.865 ;ZFRAC(174)=0.87
ZFRAC(175)=0.875 ;ZFRAC(176)=0.88
ZFRAC(177)=0.885 ;ZFRAC(178)=0.89
ZFRAC(179)=0.895 ;ZFRAC(180)=0.9
ZFRAC(181)=0.905 ;ZFRAC(182)=0.91
ZFRAC(183)=0.915 ;ZFRAC(184)=0.92
ZFRAC(185)=0.925 ;ZFRAC(186)=0.93
ZFRAC(187)=0.935 ;ZFRAC(188)=0.94
ZFRAC(189)=0.945 ;ZFRAC(190)=0.95
ZFRAC(191)=0.955 ;ZFRAC(192)=0.96
ZFRAC(193)=0.965 ;ZFRAC(194)=0.97
ZFRAC(195)=0.975 ;ZFRAC(196)=0.98
ZFRAC(197)=0.985 ;ZFRAC(198)=0.99
ZFRAC(199)=0.995 ;ZFRAC(200)=1.
************************************************************
Group 6. Body-Fitted Coordinates
************************************************************
Group 7. Variables: STOREd,SOLVEd,NAMEd
ONEPHS = T
NAME(1)=P1 ;NAME(5)=V1
NAME(7)=W1 ;NAME(12)=KE
NAME(13)=EP ;NAME(143)=ODIM
NAME(144)=WDIM ;NAME(145)=LOGO
NAME(146)=EPKE ;NAME(147)=REST
NAME(148)=OIL ;NAME(149)=LEN1
NAME(150)=ENUT
* Y in SOLUTN argument list denotes:
* 1-stored 2-solved 3-whole-field
* 4-point-by-point 5-explicit 6-harmonic averaging
SOLUTN(P1,Y,Y,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(V1,Y,Y,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(W1,Y,Y,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(KE,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(EP,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(ODIM,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(WDIM,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(LOGO,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(EPKE,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
SOLUTN(REST,Y,Y,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(OIL,Y,Y,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(LEN1,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
SOLUTN(ENUT,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
VIST = 150
LEN1 = 149
************************************************************
Group 8. Terms & Devices
* Y in TERMS argument list denotes:
* 1-built-in source 2-convection 3-diffusion 4-transient
* 5-first phase variable 6-interphase transport
TERMS(P1,Y,Y,Y,N,Y,Y)
TERMS(V1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
TERMS(W1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
TERMS(KE,N,Y,Y,Y,Y,N)
TERMS(EP,N,Y,Y,Y,Y,N)
TERMS(REST,N,Y,N,Y,N,Y)
TERMS(OIL,N,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
DIFCUT =0. ;ZDIFAC =1.
GALA = F ;ADDDIF = F
NEWENT = T
ISOLX = -1 ;ISOLY = -1 ;ISOLZ = -1
************************************************************
Group 9. Properties used if PRPS is not
stored, and where PRPS = -1.0 if it is!
RHO1 =1000. ;TMP1 =0.
EL1 = GRND4
TSURR =0. ;TEMP0 =0.
PRESS0 =0.
DVO1DT =0. ;DRH1DP =0.
EMISS =0. ;SCATT =0.
EL1A =0. ;EL1B =0.
EL1C =0.
ENUL =1.0E-06 ;ENUT = GRND3
ENUTA =0. ;ENUTB =0.
ENUTC =0.
IENUTA = 0
PRNDTL(V1)=1. ;PRNDTL(W1)=1.
PRNDTL(KE)=1. ;PRNDTL(EP)=1.
PRNDTL(OIL)=1.
PRT(V1)=1. ;PRT(W1)=1.
PRT(KE)=1. ;PRT(EP)=1.314
PRT(OIL)=1.
CP1 =1. ;CP2 =1.
************************************************************
Group 10.Inter-Phase Transfer Processes
************************************************************
Group 11.Initial field variables (PHIs)
FIINIT(P1)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(V1)=1.0E-10
FIINIT(W1)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(KE)=1.0E-02
FIINIT(EP)=1.643E-03 ;FIINIT(ODIM)=1.0E-10
FIINIT(WDIM)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(LOGO)=1.0E-10
FIINIT(EPKE)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(REST)=1.0E-10
FIINIT(OIL)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(LEN1)=1.0E-10
FIINIT(ENUT)=1.0E-10
No PATCHes yet used for this Group
FSWEEP = 1
NAMFI =CHAM
************************************************************
Group 12. Patchwise adjustment of terms
Patches for this group are printed with those
for Group 13.
Their names begin either with GP12 or &
************************************************************
Group 13. Boundary & Special Sources

PATCH(ELAPSE ,PHASEM, 1, 1, 1, 40, 1, 200, 1, 1)
COVAL(ELAPSE ,REST, FIXFLU ,1. )

PATCH(KESOURCE,PHASEM, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1)
COVAL(KESOURCE,KE , GRND4 , GRND4 )
COVAL(KESOURCE,EP , GRND4 , GRND4 )

PATCH(WHOLE ,PHASEM, 1, 1, 1, 40, 1, 200, 1, 1)
COVAL(WHOLE ,W1 ,In-Form:source - see Grp 19)

PATCH(NORTH ,NORTH , 1, 1, 40, 40, 1, 200, 1, 1)
COVAL(NORTH ,P1 , FIXVAL ,0. )
COVAL(NORTH ,REST,1. , SAME )

PATCH(LEAK ,CELL , 1, 1, 1, 20, 1, 1, 1, 1)
COVAL(LEAK ,KE , FIXFLU ,1.0E-02 )
COVAL(LEAK ,EP , FIXFLU ,1.643E-03 )
COVAL(LEAK ,OIL , FIXFLU ,0.011574 )

PATCH(OUTSIDE ,CELL , 1, 1, 21, 40, 1, 1, 1, 1)
COVAL(OUTSIDE ,P1 ,1000. ,0. )
COVAL(OUTSIDE ,W1 ,0. ,0. )
XCYCLE = F
EGWF = T
WALLCO = GRND2
************************************************************
Group 14. Downstream Pressure For PARAB
IPARAB = 1
AZPH =0. ;PBAR =0.
************************************************************
Group 15. Terminate Sweeps
LSWEEP = 1 ;ISWC1 = 1
LITHYD = 50 ;LITFLX = 1 ;LITC = 1 ;ITHC1 = 1
SELREF = T
RESFAC =1.0E-04
************************************************************
Group 16. Terminate Iterations
LITER(P1)=20 ;LITER(V1)=10
LITER(W1)=10 ;LITER(KE)=20
LITER(EP)=20 ;LITER(REST)=20
LITER(OIL)=20
ENDIT(P1)=1.0E-03 ;ENDIT(V1)=1.0E-03
ENDIT(W1)=1.0E-03 ;ENDIT(KE)=1.0E-03
ENDIT(EP)=1.0E-03 ;ENDIT(REST)=1.0E-03
ENDIT(OIL)=1.0E-03
************************************************************
Group 17. Relaxation
RELAX(P1,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(V1,FALSDT,1.)
RELAX(W1,FALSDT,1.)
RELAX(KE,LINRLX,0.5)
RELAX(EP,LINRLX,0.5)
RELAX(ODIM,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(WDIM,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(LOGO,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(EPKE,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(REST,FALSDT,2.)
RELAX(OIL,FALSDT,1.0E+09)
RELAX(LEN1,LINRLX,1.)
RELAX(ENUT,LINRLX,1.)
KELIN = 3
OVRRLX =0.
EXPERT = F ;NNORSL = F
************************************************************
Group 18. Limits
VARMAX(P1)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(P1)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(V1)=1.0E+06 ;VARMIN(V1)=-1.0E+06
VARMAX(W1)=1.0E+06 ;VARMIN(W1)=-1.0E+06
VARMAX(KE)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(KE)=1.0E-10
VARMAX(EP)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(EP)=1.0E-10
VARMAX(ODIM)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(ODIM)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(WDIM)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(WDIM)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(LOGO)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(LOGO)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(EPKE)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(EPKE)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(REST)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(REST)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(OIL)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(OIL)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(LEN1)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(LEN1)=-1.0E+10
VARMAX(ENUT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(ENUT)=-1.0E+10
************************************************************
Group 19. Data transmitted to GROUND
DWDY = T
GENK = T
PARSOL = F
IDISPB = 1 ;IDISPC = 200
ISG62 = 1
SPEDAT(SET,SOURCE,W1!WHOLE,C,=9.81*OIL*0.03!FIXFLU)
SPEDAT(SET,STORED,LOGO,C,=LOG10(OIL)!ZSLFIN)
SPEDAT(SET,STORED,WDIM,C,=W1*(ZZW/3500.)^0.3333!ZSLFIN)
SPEDAT(SET,STORED,ODIM,C,=OIL*(ZZW/3500.)^1.6667!ZSLFIN)
************************************************************
Group 20. Preliminary Printout
************************************************************
Group 21. Print-out of Variables
INIFLD = F ;SUBWGR = F
* Y in OUTPUT argument list denotes:
* 1-field 2-correction-eq. monitor 3-selective dumping
* 4-whole-field residual 5-spot-value table 6-residual table
OUTPUT(P1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(V1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(W1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(KE,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(EP,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(ODIM,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
OUTPUT(WDIM,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
OUTPUT(LOGO,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
OUTPUT(EPKE,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
OUTPUT(REST,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(OIL,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
OUTPUT(LEN1,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
OUTPUT(ENUT,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
************************************************************
Group 22. Monitor Print-Out
IXMON = 1 ;IYMON = 1 ;IZMON = 10
NPRMON = 100000 ;NPRMNT = 1 ;TSTSWP = -5
UWATCH = T ;USTEER = T
HIGHLO = F
************************************************************
Group 23.Field Print-Out & Plot Control
NPRINT = 100000 ;NUMCLS = 5
NYPRIN = -1 ;IYPRF = 1 ;IYPRL = 10000
NZPRIN = -1 ;IZPRF = 1 ;IZPRL = 10000
IPLTF = 1 ;IPLTL = 50 ;NPLT = 1
ISWPRF = 1 ;ISWPRL = 100000
ITABL = 1 ;IPROF = 1
ABSIZ =0.5 ;ORSIZ =0.4
NTZPRF = 1 ;NCOLPF = 50
ICHR = 2 ;NCOLCO = 45 ;NROWCO = 20

PATCH(AXIS ,PROFIL, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 200, 1, 1)
PLOT(AXIS ,W1 ,0. ,0. )
PLOT(AXIS ,ODIM,0. ,0. )
PLOT(AXIS ,WDIM,0. ,0. )
PLOT(AXIS ,LOGO,0. ,0. )
PLOT(AXIS ,REST,0. ,0. )
PLOT(AXIS ,OIL ,0. ,0. )
************************************************************
Group 24. Dumps For Restarts
SAVE = T ;NOWIPE = F
NSAVE =CHAM
IDISPA = 10 ;IDISPB = 1 ;IDISPC = 200
STOP
```