TITLE : 3D TURBULENT GAS FLOW IN AN ELBOW METER
BY : CHAM Consultancy Team: - M.R.Malin
Date : 1997 PHOENICS Version: 3.1
FOR : THE GAS INDUSTRY
THE PROBLEM CONSIDERED:
- The flow of natural gas through an elbow meter located in a
- Elbow meters are often used in the gas industry as a flow-metering
device when access to the pipeline is difficult, as for example in
a compressor station.
- The elbow meter exploits the basic principle that the mass flow
rate through the pipe elbow is proportional to the pressure
difference between the inside and outside of the pipe bend.
THE PROBLEM CONSIDERED (contd):
- The purpose of the present calculation is to compute the pressure
differential across the pipe bend for the specified mass flow rate.
- The resulting pressure differential is then compared with that
given by the flow-rate vs pressure-difference correlation used in
the gas industry.
- The measuring station is located 22.5 degrees into the pipe elbow.
- 3D steady, incompressible, isothermal, turbulent flow
- The inlet Reynolds number is 3.52E7. The pipe diameter is 0.89m, and
the pipe bend is a sudden contraction with a diameter of 0.874m and
a mean radius of curvature of 1.315m.
FLOW DETAILS (contd):
- The supply pressure is 44 bar, the fluid density is 35.35 kg/m^3,
the volumetric flow rate is 8.57m^3/s, and the bulk velocity in
the pipe elbow is 14.29m/s.
COMPUTATIONAL DETAILS :
- The turbulence is represented through use of the standard k-e
model plus wall functions.
- The calculations use a curvilinear BFC mesh with 20 circumferential,
35 radial and 54 streamwise grid cells.
- The GCV solver option is used with Cartesian-velocity components
selected as dependent variables.
- The MINMOD scheme is employed for the discretisation of the convection
- The Q1 for this case can be found in the BFC input library.