The FORTRAN coding for the radiation modelling can be found in subroutine GXRADI of the file GXMODS.FOR.
The composite-flux model is exemplified by way of input library cases 550-552, 492-493, 494, 495 and 498. The radiosity model is exemplified by way of library cases R121-125.
>>> See the Encyclopaedia entries 'RADIAT', RADIA and RADIB.
A.S.Abbas, F.C.Lockwood and A.P.Salooja, 'The prediction of the combustion and heat transfer performance of a refinery heater', Combustion & Flame, Vol.58, p91, (1984).
R.G.Deissler, 'Diffusion approximation for thermal radiation in gases with jump boundary condition', ASME J.Heat Transfer, p240, (1964).
A.D.Gosman and F.C.Lockwood, 'Incorporation of a flux model for radiation into a finite-difference procedure for furnace calculations', 14th Symp. Combustion, p661, (1973a).
A.D.Gosman and F.C.Lockwood, 'Prediction of the influence of turbulent fluctuations on flow and heat transfer in furnaces', Mech. Eng. Dept. Report HTS/73/52, Imperial College, London, (1973b).
H.C.Hamaker,'Radiation and heat conduction in light-scattering material: Part I', Philips Res. Rep., Vol.2, p55, (1947a).
H.C.Hamaker,'Radiation and heat conduction in light-scattering material: Part II', Philips Res. Rep., Vol.2, p103, (1947b).
N.Hoffmann and N.C.Markatos, 'Thermal radiation on fires in enclosures', Appl. Math. Modelling, Vol.12, p129, (1988).
H.C.Hottel and A.F.Sarofim, 'Radiative transfer', McGraw Hill, New York, (1967).
J.R.Howell, 'Thermal radiation in participating media: The past, the present, and some possible futures', ASME J.Heat Transfer, Vol.110, p1220, (1988).
E.E.Khalil, 'Modelling of furnaces and combustors', Abacus Press, (1982).
E.E.Khalil, D.B.Spalding and J.H.Whitelaw, 'The calculation of local flow properties in two-dimensional furnaces', Int. J.Heat Mass Transfer, Vol.18, p775, (1975).
L.Kjaldman, 'Numerical simulation of combustion and nitrogen pollutants in furnaces', TRC Finland, VTT Publications 159, (1993).
F.Liu and J.Swithenbank, 'Modelling radiative heat transfer in pulverised coal-fired furnaces', In Heat Transfer in Radiating and Combusting Systems, Ed. M.G.Carvalho, F.C.Lockwood and J.Taine, p358, Springer Verlag, (1991).
J.Muller, C.Gevers and M.Brunet, 'Three dimensional radiative heat transfer modelization using the discrete-ordinates method', EUROTHERM Seminar 36, Advanced Concepts and Techniques in Thermal Modelling, Sept. 21-23, ENSMA, Poitiers, France, (1994).
M.N.Ozisik, 'Radiative heat transfer', John Wiley, New York, (1973).
S.V. Patankar and D.B.Spalding, 'Simultaneous Prediction of Flow Patterns and Radiation for Three-Dimensional Flames', presented at the 1973 Seminar of the International Center for Heat and Mass Transfer, Yugoslavia.
S.Rosseland, 'Theoretical astrophysics', Oxford Univ. Press, Clarendon, London and New York, (1936).
A.Schuster, 'Radiation through a foggy atmosphere', J.Astrophys., Vol. 21, p1, (1905).
R.Siegel and J.R.Howell, 'Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer', 3rd Edition, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, (1992).
D.B.Spalding, 'Idealisations of radiation', In Mathematical Modelling of Fluid-Mechanics, Heat-Transfer and Chemical-Reaction Processes, Lecture 9, HTS/80/1, Imperial College, Mech. Engng., Dept., London, (1980)
D.B.Spalding, 'Proposal for a diffusional radiation model', Unpublished technical memorandum, CHAM, London, (1994).
P.B.Taylor and P.J.Foster, 'The total emissivities of luminous and non-luminous flames', Int.J.Heat Mass Transfer, Vol.17, p1591, (1974).
R.Viskanta, 'Radiation transfer and interaction of convection with radiation heat transfer', In Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol.3, Ed. T.F.Irvine and J.P.Hartnett, Academic Press, p175, (1966).
R.Viskanta and M.P.Menguc, 'Radiation heat transfer in combustion systems', Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., Vol.13, p97, (1987).