Encyclopaedia Index


in the presence of heat transfer and chemical reaction


Brian Spalding

Keynote lecture at ASME/JSME Joint Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, July 1998

Summary of main themes

  1. Although fluid-flow, thermal and structural analysis are well handled by modern software packages, certain deficiencies remain, of which the chief are:
  2. Some progress is here reported regarding the CAD-to-CFD difficulty, with the STL format proving to be of key importance.
  3. It will be shown that solid stress and fluid flow can be analysed by a single algorithm, a single code, and therefore a single specialist.
  4. Good compromises between economy and realism for simple circumstances are:
  5. MFM, the "multi-fluid model" of turbulence, promises the same for more complex circumstances, especially those involving chemical reaction.


  1. An overview of computer-aided engineering

  2. CAD to CFD via VR, with a link to Hotbox
  3. SFT: simultaneous Solid-stress, Fluid-flow and Thermal analysis
  4. Modelling turbulence, radiation and chemical reaction

  5. The revival of remote computing
  6. Concluding remarks
  7. References